Albemarle, a central county of Virginia, bounded N. W. by the Blue Ridge mountains and S. by the James river, and watered by its branches; area, 700 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 27,544, of whom 14,994 were colored. The surface is undulating, soil very rich in the valleys and river bottoms, and the scenery picturesque.

The productions in 1870 were 218,545 bushels! of wheat, 384,851 of corn, 180,461 of oats, and 1,781,619 lbs. of tobacco. The Chesapeake and Ohio and Orange, Alexandria, and Manassas railroads intersect at the capital, Charlottesville.