Alexandre Andryana, a French champion of Italy, born in 1797, died in January, 1863. He was an officer of the French army till 1814, and subsequently joining the Italian revolutionists, he became a fellow prisoner of Silvio Pellico in the fortress of Spielberg, and wrote graphic Memoires dun prisonnier d'etat (2 vols., Paris, 1837-8; 4th ed., 1862). He took part in the French revolution of 1848, and in 1859 was commissary general to the army of occupation in Lombardy.