Alexandrian School, a term vaguely applied to a development of Neo-Platonism by the philosophers of Alexandria in Egypt about the end of the 2d century. The characteristic of the school was a broad eclecticism based upon the rationalism of Plato and largely influenced by the supernaturalism of the Grecian-ized Jews. Afterward the early teachers of Christianity modified it still more by an admixture of Aristotelianism, and it became a transition system between the pagan and Christian beliefs, aiming to harmonize all philosophy and all religion. The earliest philosopher of this school was the Jew Philo, but it first took decided form from Ammonius Saccas, about 193. The other chief names identified with it are those of Plotinus, Porphyry, Iamblichus, Hiero-cles, Proclus, Pantaenus, Clement, Origen, Athanasius, Gregory Nazianzen, and Cyril. Of these, Philo represents the Judaistic extreme, while Clement is the great Christian Alexandrian. - The history of the Alexandrian school has been written by Matter (2 vols., Paris, 1840-'44) and Simon (2 vols., Paris, 1844 - '5). See also De l'ecole d'Alexandrie, by Barthelemy Saint-Hilaire (Paris, 1845).