I. A S. E. maritime province of Spain, forming a part of the former kingdom of Valencia; area, 2,096 sq. m.; pop. in 1867 (estimated), 426,656. One half of the province consists of a bare chain of high mountains, with partly sterile steppes, without trees or water; but the southern portion is generally level and fertile, with a mild climate, and agriculture flourishes. Among the products are mineral salt, sea salt, and esparto, besides silk, grain, and fruits of all kinds. The chief river is the Segura. The principal towns, besides the capital, are Alcoy, Denia, Villa-joyosa, Jijona, Monovar, Elche, and Ori-huela.
II. The capital of the province, and the principal port of Valencia, on a bay of the Mediterranean, 230 m. S. E. of Madrid; pop. about 32,000. It is situated partly on the slope of a hill 400 feet high, on the top of which is a strong castle, and partly on the shore of the bay. The latter portion is modern and elegant. From the northern slope of the mountain is produced the celebrated Aloque wine. The commerce of Alicante was formerly extensive, but has decreased during the last 20 years. The chief exports are raisins, almonds, olive oil, saffron, and vanilla. The city has a cathedral, a government tobacco factory employing about 4,500 girls, and a bull ring capable of seating 11,000 persons.