I. A W. S. W. county of New York, bordering on Pennsylvania; area, 1,045 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 40,814. The Genesee river and its tributaries furnish motive power for numerous mills. On each side of the Genesee valley the country rises until it becomes table land in the E. and W. parts. The productions in 1870 were 195,721 bushels of wheat, 800,600 of oats, 16,434 of rye, 135,850 of corn, 96,554 of buckwheat, 29,558 of barley, 384,687 of potatoes, 492,568 lbs. of maple sugar, 410,168 of wool, 1,908,721 of butter, 220,-880 of cheese, and 134,797 tons of hay. There are numerous saw and grist mills, tanneries, etc. Bog iron ore and limestone are obtained. The New York and Erie railroad and the Genesee canal pass through the county. Capital, Belmont.
II. A W. county of Maryland, bordering on Virginia and Pennsylvania, bounded by the Potomac and its north branch; area, 800 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 38,536, of whom 1,166 were colored. The Youghiogheny river intersects its W. part, and it is drained by several creeks. The main Alleghany mountains and several smaller ridges traverse it, and its surface is rocky and broken. Limestone, sandstone, iron ore, and coal abound, the last being extensively mined at Cumberland. The glades or valleys in the mountains furnish the celebrated glades butter and mutton. The Baltimore and Ohio and Pittsburgh and Connellsville railroads and the Chesapeake and Ohio canal pass through the county. The productions in 1870 were 70,404 bushels of wheat, 45,090 of rye, 116,062 of corn, 206,589 of oats, 47,935 lbs. of wool, 337,-639 of butter, and 70,454 of maple sugar. There are numerous manufacturing establishments. Capital, Cumberland.