I. A W. county of Virginia, bordering on West Virginia, and bounded 1ST. W. by the main chain of the Alleghanies and S. E. by Middle mountain; area, 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 3,674, of whom 579 were colored. Jackson's river unites with Cow Pasture river on the E. border to form the James. The passage of Jackson's river through one of the mountains affords fine scenery. Peters and the Warm Spring mountains extend through the centre of the county. Iron ore is found, and the Red Sweet Springs have some celebrity. The Virginia Central railroad terminates at Covington, and the Chesapeake and Ohio railroad begins there. The productions in 1870 were 24,843 bushels of wheat, 50,695 of corn, 31,991 of oats, 25,747 lbs. of tobacco, and 40,690 of butter. Capital, Covington.

II. A N. W. county of North Carolina, bordering on Virginia, bounded W. by New river, a branch of the Kanawha, and E. and S. by the Blue Ridge mountains; area, 300 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 3,691. There are mines of copper. The productions in 1870 were 7,988 bushels of wheat, 43,309 of corn, and 21,496 of oats. Capital, Gap Civil.