Amiens, a town of France, capital of the department of Somme, 70 m. N. of Paris, on the Somme, which is navigable for small craft; pop. in 1866, 61,063. The old ramparts have been converted into fine boulevards and prom-enades. The citadel is the only remnant of the former fortifications. Of the ancient castle nothing remains but the crypt, which is associated with the tradition of St. Firmin's martyrdom. The cathedral, one of the largest and finest Gothic edifices in Europe, is remarkable for the splendor of its interior. Amiens has an academy, a lyceum, and a public library. In the place St. Michel is a statue of Peter the Hermit, who was born here. Amiens has been the centre of the French cotton industry since the last century. The cotton velvet factories employ 400 looms, and the other manufactories over 3,000. The annual consumption of wool is estimated at 100,000,000 lbs. - Amiens was the Samarobriva of the Romans, the present name being traced to the Ambiani, the early Gallic inhabitants. In the middle ages it was the centre of a district then called the Amienois, and ruled by bishops of the town. At the end of the 12th century it was united to the French crown.

Subsequently it was ruled by the dukes of Burgundy, but it reverted to the crown under Louis XL The Spaniards, who captured Amiens in 1597, were speedily dislodged by Henry IV. with the aid of English troops. The treaty of Amiens, establishing peace between England, France, Spain, and the Batavian republic, was signed in 1802. During the Franco-German war the town was occupied for some time by the Germans, after a decisive victory won over the French in the vicinity, Nov. 27, 1870.