Anacharsis, a Scythian philosopher who made his appearance at Athens in the early part of the 6th century B. C. He became very intimate with Solon, and was so esteemed for his virtue, learning, and sagacity, that some ranked him among the seven wise men. He was made a citizen of Athens, and is said to have been even initiated into the Eleusinian mysteries. According to Herodotus, he was killed by his brother after his return to his native country. Many of the sayings of Ana-charsis have been preserved by Diogenes Laer-tius, Athenaeus, and other ancient writers.