Andrew, the name of three Hungarian kings of the family of Arpad, the founder of the Magyar monarchy. - Andrew I., a cousin of St. Stephen, who introduced Christianity among his subjects, and successor of Aba Samuel. In 1010, in order to win partisans to his claims to the crown, he allowed a persecution of the Christians. He warred more or less successfully against Henry III., emperor of Germany, against his own brother Bela, supported by Boleslas II., king of Poland, was defeated by the Poles and the Hungarian malcontents, and died soon after, in 1061. - Andrew II., called the Hierosolymitan, ascended the throne in 1205, in a civil war against his own nephew, Ladislas III., and died after a checkered reign of 30 years. (See Hungary.) - His third wife was Beatrice d'Este, who returned to Italy, and gave birth there to a posthumous son named Stephen, who married a rich Venetian lady, Tomasina Morosini, the mother of Andrew III., called the Venetian, He succeeded Ladislas IV. in 1290, and was obliged to defend his crown against the pretensions of Pope Nicholas IV. and the emperor Rudolph of Hapsburg, both of whom claimed it as their special fief, as well as against Charles Martel, the son of the king of Naples, who was by his mother a descendant of the house of Arpad. Andrew was victorious, but the dissatisfied magnates raised up a new pretender in the person of Charles Robert, son of Martel; and Andrew died in 1301, disgusted and mortified by the rebellion.
With him the lineage of Arpad ended.