Appian Way (Lat. Via Appia), a celebrated road which with its branches connected Rome with all parts of southern Italy. The main road was laid out as far as Capua by Appius Claudius CAecus (312-307 B. C), and was subsequently continued to Brundusium. It was remarkable for its substantial pavement of large and well fitting blocks, and was the most picturesque of all the approaches to Rome. Numerous magnificent sepulchres lined the road, the most memorable of which were those of Calatinus and the Scipios. Until about 20 years ago, the greater part of the road beyond the tomb of CAecilia Metella, or between the 3d and 11th milestones, was hardly distinguishable from the surrounding campagna, excepting by the ruins of sepulchres; but excavations in 1850-53, extending over the Ap-pian way from its beginning at the Capena gate as far as the ancient site of Bovillae, have reopened an interesting part of the road. Ca-nina, who carried out this work under the auspices of the papal government, describes these discoveries in La prima parte della Via Appia dalla porta Capena a Boville ( 2 vols., Rome, 1851-'3). The restoration of the ancient road is called the Via Appia Nova, and passes in a straight line through Albano until itreachesthe viaduct, completed in 1853, which spans a deep ravine between Albano and Aric-cia. The railway from Rome to Naples crosses the Appian way near the 11th milestone.