Archer, an unorganized county in N. W. Texas, near the Indian territory, watered by branches of the Wichita river; area. 900 sq. m. This county was returned as having no population in 1870, its settlement having been delayed by Indian depredations. It has but little good farming land, but is well adapted to stock raising, having fine grass in abundance and plenty of water. The county is regarded as one of the most valuable in the state for its minerals, among which is bismuth.