Albert (Francis Albert Angustus Charles Emanuel), prince consort of Great Britain, prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, born at Coburg, Aug. 20, 1819, died in Windsor Castle, Dec. 14, 1861. Lender the auspices of his father, Duke Ernest of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, he received a brilliant education, which he perfected by studying at the university of Bonn. In June, 1838, he visited England, and was introduced by King Leopold of Belgium to the young Queen Victoria, who in November, 1839, formally announced to the privy council that she intended to marry Prince Albert. He was naturalized by act of parliament, Jan. 21, 1840, and the marriage was celebrated Feb. 10. An annual allowance of £50,000 was at first proposed, but only £30,000 was voted. The prince was made a field marshal, knight of the garter, and chancellor of the university of Cambridge, and invested with other high titles and functions. As president of the society of arts his aesthetic tastes found ample scope for activity. The crystal palace of 1851, the forerunner of many other expositions of industry and art, was chiefly due to his zeal and enlightened knowledge. His model farm at Windsor gave a powerful impulse toward the establishment of others all over the country.

His public spirit was felt in a variety of industrial and charitable undertakings, while in political affairs he exercised a wise influence over the queen without obtrusive intermeddling. Devoted to the education of the royal family, and warmly attached to the queen, he made the domestic life of the court synonymous with virtue and culture. The delicacy of his position as a German prince and as husband of the queen, without political authority, exposed him occasionally to misapprehensions; and in 1855 it was necessary for the ministry to correct in parliament the impressions which had been current in regard to his alleged partiality for alien interests in international questions. Nevertheless, he frequently saved the government from danger by his cool judgment and patriotism. Shortly before his death, during the civil war in the United States, he was generally believed to have exercised his influence in favor of the Union. He refused the chief command of the English army, which had been proposed to him by Wellington. The title of "his royal highness prince consort" was conferred upon him by letters patent, under the great seal, June 25, 1857, so that in case of his surviving the queen he might act as regent during the minority of the prince of Wales. Victoria mourned his death with almost unexampled pertinacity.

A publication in 1857 of Prince Albert's public addresses was succeeded in 1862 by a fuller work of the kind, prepared at the request of the queen. "The Early Years of His Royal Highness the Prince Consort, by Lieut. Gen. the Hon. C. Grey," was published 18G7-'8. Queen Victoria's "Leaves from the Journal of our Life in the Highlands, from 1848 to 1861," edited by Arthur Helps (18G8), contains interesting allusions to the excellent prince, whose memory has been perpetuated in England by many beautiful monuments.