I. Livius, the most ancient of the Latin poets, died about 221 B. C. He was an Italian Greek, whom the fortune of war had thrown into the hands of the Romans, and made the slave of M. Livius Salinator. His master gave him his liberty, and with it his own name of Livius. Andronicus then settled in Rome, acquired a perfect knowledge of the Latin language, and became a voluminous writer of dramatic and other poetry. But few fragments of his works have come down to us, of which the best edition is that of Duntzer (Berlin, 1835). Cicero considered them not worth reading. Horace avows that he would have contemplated their destruction with regret

II. Of Rhodes, a Peripatetic philosopher who flourished in the middle of the 1st century B. C. He is chiefly celebrated as the editor of Aristotle's works, to which he gave that arrangement which is to a great extent retained in the present editions. lie wrote a general work on Aristotle, which contained a complete catalogue of his writings, and commentaries on some of his physical, metaphysical, and logical treatises, all of which have perished.