Robert Anderson, an officer of the U. S. army, born at "Soldiers' Retreat," near Louisville, Ivy., June 14, 1805, died at Nice, France. Oct, 26, 1871. He graduated at West Point in 1825, entered the 3d artillery, and served in the " Black Hawk war" of 1832. In 1835-,7 he was instructor of artillery at West Point, afterward served in the Florida war, and in May, 1838, became assistant adjutant general on the staff of Gen. Scott. In 1841 he resigned this appointment on his promotion to a captaincy. He accompanied Gen. Scott to Mexico in 1847, and was severely wounded at Molino del Rey. In 1857 he was promoted to be a major in the 1st artillery. On Nov. 20, 1860, he assumed command in Charleston harbor, S. 0. On the night of Dec. 26, expecting an attack by the authorities of South Carolina, he removed his small garrison from Fort Moultrie to the stronger Fort Sumter, where during the next 3 1/2 months he was closely invested by the confederate troops. On April 13 he evacuated the fort after a bombardment of nearly 36 hours, during which he lost none of his men by the fire of the enemy, marched out with his 70 men with the honors of war on the 14th, and sailed the next day for New York. In May, 1861, he was appointed brigadier general in the U. S. army, and commander of the de-partment of the Cumberland, but in consequence of failing health he was soon relieved, and afterward breveted major general in the regular army, and retired from service.
In 1868 he went to Europe for the benefit of his health. He translated and adapted from the French " Instructions for Field Artillery, Horse and Foot, arranged for the Service of the U. S. Army," and " Evolutions of Field Batteries of Artillery," now used by the war department.