Sainte Aldegonde, Philip van Marnix, baron of, a Dutch statesman and scholar, born in Brussels in 1538, died in Leyden, Dec. 15, 1598. x\t Geneva, where he was educated, he imbibed from Calvin a strong attachment to the reformed creed, and after his return home he was one of the signers, if not the originator, of the pact of the nobles protesting against the establishment of the inquisition in the Netherlands in 1566. He was the especial friend of William of Orange, who confided to him several delicate missions, and sent him in 1572 to the first assembly of the Dutch states general at Dort. He was also military commandant of several towns, and in 1573-'4 was for some time a prisoner in the hands of the Spaniards. He was afterward sent by the states general as envoy successively to Paris, to London, and to the diet of Worms (1577). In 1584-, being burgomaster of Antwerp, he defended the city against the duke of Parma, but was at last obliged to surrender, after which he spent several years in retirement. In 1590 he was ambassador to France. He left several controversial treatises and an excellent metrical version of the Psalms, and at the time of his death was translating the Bible into Flemish.