Falls, a central county of Texas, intersected by Brazos river; area, 795 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 9,851, of whom 4,681 were colored. Most of the surface is occupied by rolling prairies, the soil of which is a rich black loam. The river bottoms are still more fertile, and produce good crops of Indian corn and cotton, with plenty of oak, pecan, cedar, cottonwood, and other timber. Limestone underlies a large part of the county, and a vast ledge of it crossing the bed of Brazos river causes the falls from which the county derives its name. The chief productions in 1870 were 403,094 bushels of Indian corn, 31,424 of sweet potatoes, and 14,126 bales of cotton. There were 5,269 horses, 2,405 milch cows, 17,602 other cattle, and 7,406 swine. Capital, Marlin.