Gallatin. I. A N. county of Kentucky, separated from Indiana by the Ohio river; area, about 150 sq. in.; pop. in 1870, 5,074, of whom 6OO were colored. It is diversified by well wooded hills, and abounds in blue or Trenton limestone. The Louisville and Cincinnati railroad traverses the S. part. The chief productions in 1870 were 46,675 bushels of wheat, 277,140 of Indian corn, 23,890 of oats, 32,070 of potatoes, and 157,050 lbs. of tobacco. There were 1,754 horses,. 968 milch cows, 1,871 other cattle, 3,239 sheep, and 8,128 swine; 2 flour mills, 2 saw mills, and 1 distillery. Capital, Warsaw.
II. A S. E. county of Illinois, drained by Saline creek, separated from Kentucky by the Ohio river and from Indiana by the Wabash; area, 310 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 11,134. It consists mostly of forest land, has a fertile soil, and contains valuable salt springs. The chief productions in 1870 were 83,093 bushels of wheat, 509,491 of Indian corn, 27,164 of oats, 22,657 of potatoes, 18,051 lbs. of wool, 110,925 of tobacco, and 2,252 tons of hay. There were 3,016 horses, 2,095 milch cows, 2,930 other cattle, 7,204 sheep, and 14,985 swine; 3 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 3 of saddlery and harness, 1 of salt, 4 flour mills, 2 saw mills, and 1 tannery. Capital, Shawneetown.
III. A S. county of Montana, bordering on Idaho and Wyoming, and intersected by Yellowstone river; area, 6,800 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,578. Jefferson, Madison, and Gallatin rivers unite in the N. W. part and form the Missouri. It contains the most productive land in the territory. The chief productions in 1870 were 87,676 bushels of wheat, 68,520 of oats, 37,530 of barley, 13,388 of potatoes, and 2,905 tons of hay. There were 431 horses and 5,214 cattle. Capital, Bozeman.