This section is from the "A Complete Dictionary of Dry Goods" book, by George S. Cole. Also available from Amazon: A complete dictionary of dry goods and history of silk, cotton, linen, wool and other fibrous substances,: Including a full explanation of the modern processes ... together with various useful tables.
Bombazine (Bom-Ba-Zeen'). [From bombycina, made of silk] Originally a dress fabric woven of silk and wool, made in England as early as the reign of Elizabeth; afterward a cloth made of silk alone, but always of one color. At present, a light twilled dress fabric of which the warp is silk and the filling worsted, giving it a changeable shiny appearance; formerly black but now made in various colors. In England in 1575 the Dutch elders presented in court a new fabric called Bombazines, praying to have the " search and seal " of them to their use. These early Bombazines are said to have been of silk and cotton, but as the use of cotton was not begun in England until about fifty years later (1625), it is probable they were of silk and wool or silk and linen. In 1800 Bombazines were described as spun from wefts of fine wool, the worsted being thrown upon the right side; so that the modern Bombazines of silk warp and worsted weft in all likelihood closely resemble those of the sixteenth century.