Passing Bell. It is so called because the defunct has passed from one state to another, and it owes its origin to an idea of sanctity attached to bells by the early Romanists, who believed that the sound of these holy instruments of percussion actually drove the evil spirit away from the soul of the departing: Christian. Durand, who flourished about the end of the twelfth century, tells us in his "Rationale," "When any one is dying, bells must be tolled, that the people may put up their prayers; twice for a woman, and thrice for a man ; if for a clergyman, as many times as he had orders; and, at the conclusion, a peal on all the bells, to distinguish the quality of the person for whom the people are to put up their prayers. A bell, too, must be rung when the corpse is conducted to church, and during the bringing it out of the church to the grave." Shakspeare, in one of his poems, says : " Come list and hark, the bell doth toll For some but now departing soul, Whom even now those ominous fowle, The hat, the night-jar, or screech-owl, Lament; hark ! 1 hear the wilde wolfe howle In this black night that seems to scowle, All these my black hook shall enscrole. For hark! still, still the bell doth toll For some but now departing soul."