413. Yellow

1. Cut potatoe tops when in flower, and express the juice; steep articles in this for forty-eight hours. 2. Dip in a strong solution of weld after boiling in an aluminous mordant. Turmeric, fustic, anatto, etc, will answer the same as weld

414. Cloth, Black

Impregnate the material with the acetate of iron mordant, and then boil in a decoction of madder and logwood.

415. Madder Red

Boil the cloth in a weak solution of pearl-ash - an ounce to a gallon of water - wash, dry, and then steep in a decoction of bruised nutgalls. After dyeing, it is to be steeped twice in warm alum water, then dried and boiled in a decoction made of three-quarters of a pound of madder to every pound of the article. It should then be taken out and dried, and steeped in a second bath in the same manner. When dyed, the articles should be washed in warm soap and water, to remove a dun-coloured matter given out by the madder.

416. Scarlet. Three-quarters of a pint of a tin mordant, made by dissolving three pounds of tin in sixty pounds of hydrochloric acid, is added to every pound of lac dye, and digested for six hours. To dye twenty-five pounds of cloth, a tin boiler of seventy-five gallons capacity should be filled nearly full with water, and a lire kindled un-der it. When the heat is 150 deg. Fahr., half a handful of bran and two ounces of tin mordant are to be thrown into it. The froth which arises is skimmed off, the liquor is made to boil, and two pounds and three quarters of lac dye, previously mixed with a pound and three quarters of the solvent, and fourteen ounces of the tin solvent are added. Immediately afterwards two pounds and three-quarters of tartar, and a pound of ground sumach, both tied up in a linen bag, are to be added and suspended in the bath for five minutes. The fire being withdrawn, five gallons of cold water, and two pints and three-quarters of tin mordant being poured into the bath, the cloth is immersed in it. The fire is then replaced, and the liquid made to boil rapidly for an hour, when the cloth is removed and washed in pure water.

417. Yellow

Use No. 2. for calico. Quercitron and weld produce a solid yellow; fustic, a very brilliant tint: white turmeric yields a less solid yel-low.

418. Feathers. Black

Use the same as for cloth.

419. Blue

Every shade may be given by indigo - or dip in silk dye.

420. Crimson

Dip in acetate of alumina mordant, then in a boiling-hot decoction of Brazil wood - and, last or all, pass through a bath of cudbear.

421. Pink, or Rose colour, is given by safflower and lemon juice.

422. Deep Red

Proceed as for crimson, omitting the cudbear bath.

423. Yellow

Mordant with acetate of alumina, and dip in a bath of tur meric, or weld.

424. Hair. Black

As the object in view is simply to dye the hair without tinging the skin, the following will be found the best: - Take equal parts of litharge and lime; mix well, and form into a paste with water, if a black is desired; with milk, if brown. Clean the head with a small-tooth comb, and then well wash the hair with soda and Water to free it from grease; then lay on the paste pretty thick, and cover the head with oil-skin, or a cabbage-leaf: after which go to bed. Next morning the powder should be carefully brushed away, and the hair oiled. (See 270,271.)