Bill, in husbandry and mechanics, an edged tool, made of iron, with a curvated point. It is much used by gardeners, for pruning trees, and by plumbers and basket-makers. When fitted to a short handle, it is called a hand-bill; when to a long one, a hedge-bill.
Bill, in law, a declaration in writing, either of some injury which the plaintiff has suffered from the defendant, or an offence committed by the person complained of, against some law or statute of the realm.
Bill, in commerce, a security for the payment of money given under the hand of the debtor, by which he is bound to pay the surd specified either on demand, or at some future day, according to the agreement of the parties.
In case of failure, the payment may be legally enforced. These bills must be written on stamped paper: if under 301. the duty is 8d.j if above 30l. and not exceeding501. it is is.; above 50l. and not exceeding 1001. the duty is is. 4d.; and above 1001. and not exceeding 2001. it is 2s.
Bank-Bill, is an obligation signed on behalf of a company of bankers, by one of their cashiers, for value received, and payable on demand."
Bill of Exchange, a security among merchants in different countries, for the more easy remittance of money from the one to the other. This mode of facilitating payment in commerce, is now extended to almost every kind of pecuniary transactions.
Bill of Lading, an acknowledgment signed by the master of a ship, and given to a merchant. It contains an account of the goods re-ceived on board by the former from the latter, with a promise to deliver them at a certain place, for a specified sum.
Bills of Mortality, are accounts of the number of births and burials in a certain district, during a week, month, quarter of a year, or a whole year. The London Bills of Mortality are composed by the company of parish-clerks, and express the number of each sex; specifying also the various diseases of which they died.
Bill of Sale, is an instrument by which a person who delivers goods as a security to the lender of a sum of money, empowers him to sell them, if the sum borrowed be not repaid at the appointed time.
Bill, in commerce (vol. i. p. 257). - Under this article, we have omitted to state, that, if the sum amount to forty shillings, and do not exceed 5l. 5s. a stamp-duty of 4d. only is required for such bills, or notes of hand.