Here, or Barley-big, or Square Barley, is a very strong luxuriant plant, both in grain and straw: it resembles bailey in growth, and cone-wheat in size. It is generally cultivated in Ireland, for malt, in the best and richest soil, usually after potatoes: the time of sowing is between Michaelmas and Christmas, at the rate of one barrel, which is two hundred weight, to an Irish acre and its produce is said to be, generally, from twenty to twenty-live barrels an acre. Two bushels and a half of seed to an English acre, will be in the same proportion. For the information of those readers who are not acquainted with the difference in the measurement of land, we shall observe, that five Irish are equal to eight English acres and fifteen perches, or 70, 560 feet to an Irish, and 43 560 feet to an English, acre.
The culture of here is recommended in this country—1. Because it will succeed extremely well in any soil fit to produce a crop of barley and even on cold stitf lands, where barley will not thrive: 2. As it ripens from one to three Weeks sooner than any other grain: 3. It if generally cultivated, be in-troduced into our malt-distilleries, not only instead of barley, but, what is of much greater importance, as a substitute for wheat, of which so much is used in these ma. nufactories: and, lastly, it may, with great advantage, be given to swine, instead of barley-meal. Moreover, it has been asserted, that an acre of land will yield more of this grain than of barley.
Bere labours under the disadvantage of not being easily cleared of its anus, or beard. This has been imputed to carelessness in cleansing, or preserving it from moisture in the stacks but the difficulty is more probably owing to the grain being cut down before it is thoroughly ripe. - If sown earlier than •usual, it is still more productive.
A correspondent, in a letter to the editors of the "Museum Rusti-cum" etc. mentions a curious circumstance respecting the cultivation of this grain: " Amongst some wheat, " says he, "that was sown last year, a small quantity of bere happened to be mixed ; all of which bere is now in the ear, and in the most flourishing condition I ever beheld : even the long-continued easterly wind has not in the least affected it; and we may expect it to be ripe very soon. I could earnestly desire some of your readers to try this experiment, and shall endeavour to have it done myself. There are many of your readers who would be glad that this grain had a better character, as to its cleanliness ; and I am persuaded it "would come into great esteem every where."