Clove-Fink, or Carnation, the Dianthus caryophyllus, L. belongs kings to a genus of plants comprising twenty-eight species ; of which six only are natives. - The carnation, in its wild state, grows on old walls, and is found among the ruins of ancient castles. It usually flowers in the month of June or July.
Although clove-pinks will thrive in almost any garden soil, yet they delight most in those of a light loamy nature. They are propagated chiefly by seed, in March or April, and generally come up in a month after sowing. When properly weeded and watered till July, they will be fit for transplanting into nursery-beds, which should be about three feet wide, and in an open situation. In these beds, the plants are to be prided during moist weather, at the distance of four inches from each other, and moderately watered; which should be occasionally repeated, till they have taken good root. In Septem-ber, they will be fit to be finally transplanted into other beds of good earth, about three feet wide, in rows nine inches asunder. Here they are to remain till spring; but if the winter prove very severe, they should be sheltered with mats. In the vernal season, they ought to be carefully weeded with a hoe, and the flower-stalks must be tied up to sticks, in order to prevent their drooping, by which their growth would be retarded.
Clove-pinks have a pleasant aromatic odour, and are said to be cardiac and alexipharnmic. A decoction of these flowers has been successfully used in malignant fevers ; and, as Paulli asserts, they raise the animal spirits, quench thirst, and powerfully promote both perspiration and the secretion of urine, without occasioning great irritation.