Gauze, in commerce, is a thin transparent stuff, sometimes woven of silk, and sometimes only of thread. In preparing the silk for making gauze, it is twined round a wooden machine, about six feet in height, in the middle of which an axis is placed perpendicularly, with six large wings. On these, the silk is wound off the bobbins, by the revolution of the axis ; and, when it is thus placed round the mill, it is taken off by means of another instrument, and wound on two beams. The silk is then passed through as many small beads as it has threads, and is thus rolled on another beam, in order to supply the loom-Gauzes are either plain or figur-ed : the latter are worked with flowers of gold and silver, on a silk ground, and are chiefly imported from China. - No silk gauzes can, during the present hostilities, be imported from either France or Holland: formerly they paid a duty of 21 per cent, on the value of the goods. - Within these few years, excellent silk and other gauzes were manufactured at Paisley, in Scotland; but, as this elegant ar-ticle of luxury has lately much declined, the silk is now employed for other more solid purposes.