Inflammatory Fever, a Su den and acute febrile disease, chiefly prevalent in hot climates. It commences its attack with a considerable degree of shivering, and severe. pain in the small part of the back, which are succeeded by an intense heat of the whole body. The eyes are red, and incapable of support-ing the light; the patient suffers an insatiable thirst.
The cure of this fever is generally effected by repeated bleedings, proportioned to the patient's strength, and the violence of the disease; antimonial and aperient medicines the liberal use of vegetable acids ;. neutral salts; and sudorifics, are given in the various stages, according to the urgency of symptoms.
As, however, this fever is attended with great danger, it will always be more prudent and advisable, on its first appearance, to call in medical assistance.
Regimen and Diet: The room of the patient should be kept cool, by a constant succession of fresh air, and somewhat darkened; while every precaution is taken to ensure a state of tranquillity. All animal food, and even broths, must be carefully avoided, as well as aromatic, fermented, and spirituous liquors. The insatiable thirst during the paroxysms of this fever, may be quenched by the free use of barley-water, halm-tea, or other mild vegetable infusions, acidulated with the juice of oranges, lemons, currants, and other sub-acid fruits.
Beside the different inflamma-tory diseases, of which we have briefly treated in the preceding sections, there are various other species of inflammation, denominated from the particular organs or parts affected. Thus, the reader will find some useful hints under the article Brain, vol. i. p. 324; and, with respect to the subsequent letters of file alphabet, we refer him to the heads of Kidnies, Liver, Lungs, Mesentery, Pleurisy, Quinsy, Rheumatism, Spleen, Stomach, Tonsils, etc.