Common Maiden-Hair, Miltwaste, or Spleenwort, Asplenium Trichomanes, L. an indigenous perennial plant, growing on old walls, rocks, and shady, stony places; flowering from May to October.—Its leaves have a mucilaginous, sweetish, sub-astringent taste, without any peculiar odour; they are reputed to possess considerable efficacy, in disorders of the breast proceeding from viscid and acrid humours, when taken in the form of an infusion or decoction : hence they have been recommended for promoting the expectoration of tough phlegm, and removing obstructions of the viscera.

Great Golden Maiden-Hair, or Goldilocks, Polytrichum commune, L. an indigenous perennial plant, growing in woods and moors, in wet, boggy places; flowering in the months of May and June.—The branches stem of this moss frequently attains the length of 18 inches; and, being covered with many long and soft leaves, it may be advantageously employed for besoms and brushes.— Linnaeus remarks, that the wandering Laplanders construct their couches of this elastic vegetable; and, according to Steller, the inhabitants of Kamtschatka employ these stalks as wicks in their lamps made of earthen ware.