Meadow-Sweet, the Common, or Quee-of-the-mea-dows, Spircea ulmaria, L. an indigenous perennial plant, growing in moist meadows and on the banks of rivers ; flowering in the months of June and July. Its stalk attains the height of four feet; and the fragrant flowers, when infused in boiling water, impart to it a very agreeable odour, which rises on distllation: hence they are often employed by wine-merchants, for improving the flavour of made wines. The roots are so powerfully astringent, that calf-leather has been tanned with them in a fortnight. According to Bryant, the Russians prepare of these roots a palatable granulated flour or groats; and Olaffen informs us, the Icelanders dye a durable black colour, by a decoction of the whole plant.- Hogs devour the roots with avidity ; goats and sheep also relish this herb, but cows and horses refuse it.