As the description of the different veins, vertebrae, etc. that compose this part of the human frame, is the province of anatomy, we shall here give a few hints relative to those diseases or injuries, to which the neck is peculiarly liable.
1. The wry neck. — This deformity arises from various causes; being sometimes born with persons, though more generally induced by a preternatural contraction of one side of the neck ; arelaxation of one part, while the other retains its usual power, etc.
If the distortion be natural, there is little probability of obtaining relief by art; but, if it arise from contraction of the skin, Occasioned by burns, the repeated use of oils, ointments, and emollient fomentations, will relax the rigidity of the fibres. In some instances, it will be advisable to restore the natural posture of the head by means of a steel collar, or other contrivance in which the neck may be supported, till it resume its proper position. Should these exertions, however, fail to prove useful, surgical assistance must not be neglected; as delay may be attended with danger.
3. Luxations of the neck are in general fatal; though, if a partial dislocation take place, it may by proper attention be restored to its natural position. As, however the treatment in this case is wholly chirurgical, we shall not enter into detail.- Let it be observed that, till proper assistance can be procured, the patient ought to keep himself as quietly as possible; to avoid speaking, and not to indulge in any passions; for the consequences of either may prove fatal.