Pales, denote planks or pieces of larch, oak, or other hard wood, which are driven into the ground, and serve as a fence for parks, paddocks, gardens, and similar in-closures.

As pales are exposed to all the vicissitudes of the weather, in consequence of which they often rapidly decay, a proper method of rendering them more durable, is an object of importance to landed proprietors. With this view, the following varnish has been recommended :-Let any portion of tar be ground with as much Spanish brown, as it will bear without becoming too thick, to be applied in a manner similar to paint. The mixture must be laid on the Wood by means of a large brush, and the work kept as free from dust and insects as possible, -till the varnish be- perfectly dry : thus, if the wood be smooth, it will acquire an excellent gloss, which preserves it agains the injurious.effects of air and moisture. Being not only cheaper, but drying more speedily, it is far preferable to paint; and may be advantageously applied to all other wood-work that is ex-possed.—Should the glossy brown be disliked, a greyish-brown tinge may be imparted to the work, by mixing a small quantity of white-lead and ivory-black, together with the Spanish-brown.