Peacock, the Common or Pavo Cristatus L. a well known bird, about the size of a common Turkey, and acquiring, about the third year of its age, exquisitely beautiful plumage.

This creature is originally a native of India. According to some writers, it attains the age of 25, though others assert that it lives 100 years. The female peacock deposits 5 or 6, and sometimes from 8 to 12 greyish-white eggs, which she conceals at a distance from her usual abode : the period of incubation, in general, extends from 27 to 30 days. When the young brood is produced, they should be fed with curd, chopped leeks, barley-meal, etc. well moistened;— grasshoppers and some other insects, are to these birds exceedingly grateful ; but nettles and elder-flowers are fatal poisons. In about five or six months, they will feed like the old birds, on wheat or barley, or whatever they may collect in the circuit of their confinement.

Peacocks chuse the most elevated places for their roost, such as the tops of houses, high trees, etc. Their cry, previous to a change in the weather, is loud and disagreeable.—Though their flesh at a certain age is coarse and unfit for the table, yet a young pea-fowl affords tender food, and is, by epicures, considered a delicacy.