Pink, or Dianthus, L. a genus of plants-consisting of 28 speicies six of which are indigenous, viz.
2. The Barbatus, or Sweet-William, which is common in gardens, and flowers in July.
3. The Prolifer, Proliferous Pink, CHildingPink, or Sweet-William ; abounds in sandy-meadows and pastures, where its flowers appear in July.
4. The Caryophyllus, Common Pink, or Carnation. See CLovE-Pink.
5. The Deltoides, or Maiden Pink, grows in great abundance on sandy meadows, pastures and heaths, in various parts of Britain : it is in bloom from July to October.
6. The Coesius, or Mountain Pink, thrives in dry mountainous situations, principally on the Ched-der Rocks, in the County of Somerset. It is perennial, and flowers in the month of July or August.
All these species are beautiful plants, very generally cultivated in gardens, on account of their fragrance. They are propagated by seeds, as well as by slips, and layers; the latter of which should be planted three inches apart, towards the end of July, in shady borders that have previously been well dug and moistened. Should the weather prove dry, it will be necessary to water the slips, etc. daily, till they have taken root: after which no farther care will be required than to clear them from weeds, and to transplant them in autumn to those borders which they are designed to decorate.
Florists bestow uncommon pains on the culture of these elegant flowers, which they have divided into seven classes, and these again into varieties, of. which there appear to be several hundred, The limits of our work, however, do not pernit us to give a catalogue, even of those pinks which, for the un-common beauty of their variegated shades, are the greatest ornaments of the garden. Hence we shall briefly state the most effectual methods lately discovered, of destroying the insects, and especially the green aphis or plant-louse, with which these flowers are peculiarly infested. One of the most simple expedients, is that suggested by a German florist, J. C. Wendland; and which has been uniformly successful. In the spring, when the grass has attained the height of 4 or 5 inches, he places his flowerpots, containing pinks or other delicate plants, attacked with the green aphis, in a lateral direction On the grass, so that one side of the former comes in contact with the tops of the latter. When no frost or rime is to be apprehended, this exposure is most effectual in the evening ; though it should not be attempted with green-house plants which, in general, are less hardy than the pink. After lying in such situation for 24 hours, he turns his flower-pots toward the opposite side, in order that this likewise may be touched by the blades of the grass; and thus he inverts them for three or four successive days. If a frosty night should intervene, he defers to expose his flower-pots in the grass, till the succeeding morning, and removes them to the green-house, in the evening. By this management, the insects disappear, mostly on the second exposure, or at the farthest, on the third ; but the turning of the pots should, on no account, be neglected.
Another method of exterminating the plant-louse on pinks, consists in fumigating the stocks early in February with the smoke of tobacco, and repeating this process in the green-house every fortnight, till they are removed to the open air of the garden.—Sprinkling the young plants with a decoction of wormwood, has also been found a very efficacious remedy against those destructive vermin.—See also Insects; — Propagation ; and Seed.