Planting, in gardening and agriculture, inplies the setting of a plant or tree ; which, on being removed from its former place, is fix I in a fresh cavity proportioned to its size.

The best season for transplant-s. from November to the end of February ; because the generality of plants, trees, shrubs, etc. during those months, are in a dor-mart state, and receive little injury from their removal ; provided the weather be open. The quality of the soil, as well as the climate, situation, and exposure, should therefore be relatively consulted. It will also be necessary to mark the sides of the plants on which they are exposed to the sun, and to place them exactly in the same direction ; for otherwise the circulation of the sap will be prevented, and their growth consequently impeded. Farther, the roots must be properly spread before the plant is settled in the ground, when a portion of fine mould should be strewed over them ; and, on being sprinkled with water, the whole ought to be closely pressed down, to the consistence of unbroken earth.—A piece of long stable-dung, or a little sawdust, or the shows of hemp or flax, should next be scattered on the spot, in order to prevent the roots from being injured by the -frost ; and, if the plants do not stand close: ly together, it will be advisable to support them with stakes, during the first year at the least : such. stakes, however, must be. carefully fixed in a triangular direction, inclining towards the tree at the top, in an angle of 30 or 40 decrees ; and at such a depth, that they may not interfere with the roots. It will also be proper to insert a few ballens between the posts, and to intertwine them with small birch, or other twigs, that will not damage the bark, while they admit a free passage to the rain-water: by this simple contrivance, the bark is at the same time effectually secured from the rot.

in the 4th volume of Annals of Agriculture, we meet with an interesting account of the cheapest mode of planting, which was accidentally discovered by James Barnard, Esq.—It consists simply in ploughing up new land, and sowing the seeds of the Scotch fir, together with oats. The crop of grain will, according to his computation, repay the expence of ploughing ; and no farther trouble will be required. Thus, the most barren spots, though over-grown with furze, may be converted to the greatest profit for, as the seeds of the latter continually vegetate in the soil, they will speedily grow up, and shelter the young firs, till they at length over-top the furze, which will eventually perish, while a stock of thriving plants will be obtained.