Rose, St. Anthony's Fire, or R0S or Erysipelas, is an inflammation and swelling of the skin, which disappear upon pressure, but suddenly return; being attended with an ardent fever, the principal symptoms of which 3re drowsiness, and sometimes delirium. It frequently attacks the face, though other parts are not exempt from its influence.This eruptive disorder is very apt to change its place on the human body. In its progress, the redness extends over the contiguous parts, and usually vanishes from those previously affected. The inflammation, however, does not produce any remission of the fever, which, in some instances, even increases during the progressive eruption ; and, in general, continues for eight or ten days. When the inflammatory symptoms have prevailed for some time, vesicles of various sizes, containing a thin yellowish liquor, are usually observed to arise on different parts. Though the surface of the skin, thus blistered, sometimes assumes a livid hue, this circumstance is by no means alarming. On the contrary, the sound surface of the skin, scales off towards the end of the disease. If no delirium, or other affection of the brain intervene, the event is generally favourable ; but persons, who have once been attacked with the Rose, are liable to frequent returns, especially in the spring and autumn.
Hence, we recommend to persons who are pre-disposed to this affection, a rigid abstinence from fat and viscid provisions, particularly pickled, dried, and high-seasoned dishes : they should adopt a cooling, light, and vegetable diet, their beverage consisting of a mild white wine ; the good effects of which will be greatly promoted by moderate exercise, and taking one or two drams of cream of tartar iff a glass of water, every night, on retiring to rest.
Cure :—The principal attention must be directed to the inflammatory stage of the disorder. It will, therefore, be indispensably necessary to refrain from all animal food, spirituous liquors, etc.—In the beginning of the complaint, copious decoctions of dried elder-flowers, with a few grains of nitre dissolved in the liquor, will be of great service ; beside which, the bowels ought to be opened by mild, cooling laxatives, if, in the progress of the disease, a.foul stomach should be observed, without excessive febrile heat, an emetic may be taken with advantage.—Bloodletting must not be attempted without due precaution; as it will be proper only in cases where the brain is affected by the fever. But, if the disease be attended with ge-neral debility, bark and wine must be immediately and freely administered. Should, nevertheless, symptoms of mortification appear, the treatment, stated under the article Gangrene, will be generally found effectual, in checking its progress.—Having, on many occasions, witnessed the bad effects of moist or unctuous applications, in the true Rose (though Kirkland and others have indiscriminately recommended them), we cannot omit this opportunity of cautioning the reader against such practices. According to our ex perience, dry and warmed wheaten flour, often strewed on the parts affected, or thin linen bags, stuffed with equal parts of oatmeal and chamomile dowers, together with a few drains of coarsely pounded camphor, have uniformly been at-tended with the desired effect. These external remedies contribute to relieve the tension, and inflammatory state of the skin, while they allay irritation, and, in a manner, absorb the exhaling noxious matter 5 whereas, lotions and unguents of every description, only aggravate the disorder, by clogging the pores, and exciting a degree of re-action ; which cannot fail to be hurtful, especially when accompanied with the slightest friction, either of the fingers, or even a piece of cloth.