Saddle, a kind of stuffed seat, fastened to the back of a horse for the convenience of the rider.
Saddles are divided into various kinds, according to the purposes for which they are designed; such as hunting-saddles for the chace; side-sddles for females, etc.. Nu-merous, however, happening, either from the spirited and. turbulent disposition of horses, or the inability of riders to keep their seat in a proper and steady manner, ingenious artists have con-trived means of preventing such misfortunes. Among these, we shall mention M. EDw. Jones's Woman's Saddle - tree, with a spring head ; for the invention of which he obtained a patent, in May 1794. He constructs the near side head, or horn of the saddletree, so as to drop down by means: of a steel, iron, or other spring; and, when the rider wishes to dismount, by pushing the head or horn from her, it will instantly fail, so that she may alight without danger, in case the horse should take fright, or run away: thus, her clothes will never be entangled in the horn, and all farther inconvenience arising from the common mode of constructing saddles, will be effectually avoided. Such spring may also be weakened, or strength-ened, according to the ability of the rider, by means of certain screws; which, being turned or admitted into the upper part of the near point, prevent the head from falling, contrary to her inclination or pleasure.
In May 1801, a patent was granted to Mr. "WalterIngLISs, for a method of making saddles, on a new and improved plan, by which the rider is enabled to perform longer journies on a rough-trotting horse, with greater ease than on any other saddle hitherto constructed ; and also for contriving the stirrup-bars in such a manner, that if a rider happen to fall from, or be thrown off his horse, he will, in consequence, be immediately disengaged. This invention consists in giving elasticity to the seat of the saddle, by introducing a spring into the long straining web; and in attaching the stirrup-bar to the saddle, by means of a bolt connected with the rider, in such a manner, that, on falling off, or being thrown, he draws the bolt or fastening, and the stirrup is parted from the saddle. For a minute account of this patent, the reader will consult the 15th vol. of the Repertory of Arts, etc. where a full specification is given, and illustrated with an engraving.