Stable, an edifice erected for the reception and accommodation of horses.
The principal object in building stables, is the situation, which ought to be, 1. On a gentle declivity, in order that the urine, etc. may be carried off; 2. On a pure, airy spot, not exposed to noxious exhalations; and, 3. On dry, hard ground. - The walls must be moderately thick, and furnished with casements on the north and east sides; both with a view to admit air, and to receive the benefit of the rising sun. The windows should, at the same time, be provided with shutters, for excluding the light, in case it be deemed necessary for the animals to sleep during the day.
With respect to the paving of stables, it will be advisable to cover the part, on which the horses are to lie down, with oak boards, placed transversely upon a level; and which should be perforated with holes, for conducting the urine into the common drain. The other part should be paved with small stones ; and the wall contiguous to the rack, ought to lined with a wainscoat of sound oak.
When a stable is designed for several horses, the stalls should be made sufficiently wide to enable them to lie down, or turn round without inconvenience ; while the partitions ought to be raised so high towards the head, that the animals can neither see, smell, nor molest each other. Lastly, the strictest cleanliness must be observed in the management of the stable, both in order to preserve the health of horses, and to prevent generation of any contagious effluvia. In case, however, in-fectious distempers should prevail, it will be necessary to resort to the following process, in order to destroy the contagion : Let half a pound of oil of vitriol, diluted with an equal quantity of wa-ter, be gradually poured into a sel, containing 4 ounces of pulve-rized manganese, mixed with a pound of sea-salt. The dish ought to be placed on a heated brick; and the operator should care, avoid the fumes arising from vitriolic acid ; as they will no full affect the organs of respiration. - See also Fumigation, vol. ii. p. 346