Strangles, a disorder incident to colt9 and young horses : it becomes evident from a collection of impure humours, that are discharged by the nostrils, or by suppuration from the glands, situated beneath the bones of the lower jaw.
The symptoms, indicating this disease, are, loss of appetite, dullness, and inactivity ; a hollow, dry, cough ; and, progressively, intense thirst: as its virulence increases, the animal becomes languid ; and, in consequence of the painful tumors formed in the jaw-bone, will at length be unable to swallow. The first object of attention, in case the fever continue moderate, and the evacuations be regularly performed, is to examine the swelling, and promote suppuration ; which may be effected by cutting off all the hair contiguous to the tumefied part, and fomenting it for ten minutes with flannels, dipped in strong and hot decoctions of marsh-mallow, chamomile, or similar emollient vegetables. The following poultice must then be applied, namely: take coarse bread crumbs; barley meal; and elder-flowers, of each two handfuls; boil them in a sufficient portion of milk; and, while the mixture is hot, add three oz. of turpentine, and six oz. of hog's-lard. The quantity thus prepared will be sufficient for two or three poultices, which ought to be used moderately warm, and be firmly secured, every night and morning, after repeating the fomentation for five or six days; or till a suppuration be effected. When the discharge ceases, the following ointment, spread on tow, should be applied to the wound, and the poultice laid over it, to promote the healing of the ulcerated part: - Take of resin, and Burgundy pitch, six oz. each ; of hog's-lard, 4 oz.; of honey and common turpentine, two oz. each ; and one oz. of yellow wax. These ingredients must be melted together: on removing the mixture, two drams of finely pulverized verdigrease must be gradually incorporated, and the whole frequently stirred, till it become cool.
Should the horse, during the strangles, be seized with considerable fever and inflammation, or (he swelling be so situated as to threaten suffocation, it will be advisable to bleed him moderately. The food, throughout the course of the disease, ought to consist of warm mashes, given frequently in small quantities ; to which half an ounce of liquorice and aniseed, in powder, may be advantageously added, together with about two ounces of honey. The diseased animal must be kept warm; and, if the weather be favourable, he should take gentle exercise, or undergo the usual discipline of the stable, though in a less compulsory degree.
This malady is seldom productive of dangerous consequences, Unless it be neglected. As it mostly termmates with a discharge from the nostrils, these parts should be often cleansed with sponges, dipped in warm water; but, if such evacuation continue to be copious and fetid, after the swellings have suppurated and healed, it may be considered as symptomatical of the Glanders ; in which case it will be advisable to adopt the treatment already stated under that article.