Waggon, a species of wheel-carriage, the form of which varies, according to the different purposes for which it is designed.
Few implements of husbandry are of greater importance, or admit, perhaps, of more essential improvements, than wheel-carriages. Hence we cannot but express our surprize at the infatuation of those farmers, who employ large waggons, on the erroneous principle, that a greater quantity may thus be carried at one time ; while they overlook the injury which such unwieldy machines necessarily occasion, both in their fields, and particularly on roads, by making deep ruts, and otherwise tearing or breaking up the soil. The principal objection to the use of these heavy vehicles on farms, is their weight; which requires an increased number of horses or cattle, that might be more profitably employed in tillage. The same observation is applicable to the common mad or stage-waggons : these usually -weigh about 2 1/2 tons, and are drawn by 8, 10, or more horses, according to the distance to which they travel. Now, a single horse of a moderate size will, in a well-constructed vehicle, and on tolerable roads, draw 30 cwt. with ease, independently of the weight occasioned by the cart; and it will perform this task for a scries of days, months, and even years. But, if the common waggons were laden according to such draught, they ought to carry from 20 to 40 tons; a weight exceeding their strength, and incompatible with their mode of construction. The superiority of small carriages being too evident to require any farther demonstration, we shall subjoin a table, exhibiting the load which waggons and carts are, by act of parliament, permitted to draw on the turnpike-roads; and which includes both the whole incumbent load, and the vehicle itself.
Our limits not admitting a farther disquisition, we request those readers, who wish to obtain additional information on this subject, to consult Dr. AnDeRsoN's "Dissertation on the Means of Constructing Waggons, and other Carriages employed for the Purposes of Agriculture;" an ingenious essay, which is inserted in the 4th vol. of his " Recreations in Agriculture, " etc. - See also the article CaRt.