Having, in the article Cloth, given an outline of the manner in which weaving is performed, we shall at present notice two improvements that have lately been introduced in this important branch of our staple-manufacture.
The first is, Mr. Robert Miller's method of weaving all kinds of linen, woollen, or other stuffs, by means of looms worked by water, steam-engines, or horses; for which he obtained a patent in June, 1796. - Our limits not admitting of diffuse accounts, which would also require the aid of engravings, we refer the reader to the 8th vol. of the " Repertory of Arts" etc. where the specification is illustrated with two plates.
In the year 1800, the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, etc. conferred a bounty of 15 guineas on Mr. Thomas Clulow, for his invention of a loom, designed to weave figured ribbons. The great advantage attending the use of this machine is, not only a considerable saving of time, but ribbons may thus be woven with greater neatness, and beauty, than by the common looms; the work being necessarily stopped in the latter, while the figure is formed by the hand ; whereas, by Mr. C.'s contrivance, the tire-cords, or those which trace such outline, without retarding the progress of the work, are acted upon by straps affixed to the centre treddle. - A farther account of this useful improvement, will be found in the 18th vol. of the Society's " Transactions, " etc. - See also the article Loom.