Wind-Gall, in farriery, signifies a windy swelling, on both sides of the back sinew, above the fetlocks, in the fore or hind-legs of a horse ; though these tumors may likewise arise in various other parts of the body.
Wind-galls are generally occa-strains or bruises on the sinews; which, on being overstretched, produce ruptures of the fibres : but, if these swellings happen in the interstices of large muscles, and distended, similar to air-bladders, they may be safely opened, and dressed as a common wound.
On their first appearance, wind-galls should be treated with re-stringents, and covered with bandages : hence, the tumefied parts ought to be bathed twice a day with strong vinegar ; or the swelling may be fomented with a decoction of oak-bark, pomegranate, and alum, boiled in verjuice ; applying to it a roller previously soaked in this liquid. Some farriers employ red-wine lees ; others use curriers' shavings moistened with the former, or with vinegar, as a substitute for the bath and fomentation.
Should, however, these applications prove unsuccessful, it has been recommended to open the parts affected with an awl, or by means of a knife: or, which is still preferable, to apply mild blistering plasters, that will effectually discharge the confined humour; disperse the inclosed air, and gradually accomplish a cure.