(57) Demurrers and pleas which tend to discharge the suit shall be heard first upon every day of orders, that the subject may know whether he shall need farther attendance or not.

(58) A demurrer is properly upon matter defective contained in the bill itself, and no foreign matter, but a plea is of foreign matter to discharge or stay the suit, as that the cause hath been formerly dismissed, or that the plaintiff is outlawed or excommunicated, or there is another bill depending for the same cause, or the like; and such plea may be put in without oath in case where the matter of the plea appears upon record, but, if it be anything that doth not appear upon record, the plea must be upon oath.

(59) No plea of outlawry shall be allowed without pleading the record sub pedi sigilli; nor plea of excommunication without the seal of the ordinary.

(60) Where any suit appeareth upon the bill to be of the natures which are regularly to be dismissed, according to the 15th ordinance, such matter is to be set forth by way of demurrer.

(61) Where an answer shall be certified insufficient, the defendant is to pay costs; and if a second answer be returned insufficient in the points before certified insufficient, then double costs; and upon the third, treble costs; and upon the forth, quadruple costs; and then to be committed also until he hath made a perfect answer, and to be examined upon interrogatories touching the points defective in his answer; but if any answer be certified sufficient, the plaintiff is to pay costs.

(62) No insufficient answer can be taken hold of after replication put in, because it is admitted sufficient by the replication.

(63) An answer to a matter charged, as the defendant's own fact, must be direct, without saying it is to his remembrance, or as he believeth, if it be laid as done within seven years before. If the defendant deny the fact, he must traverse it directly, and not by way of negative pregnant; as, if a fact be laid to be done with diverse circumstances, the defendant may not traverse it literally as it is laid in the bill, but must traverse the point of substance. So, if he be charged with the receipt of 100, he must traverse that he hath not received 100, nor any part thereof, and, if he have received part, he must set forth what part.

(64) If a hearing be prayed upon bill and answer, the answer must be admitted to be true in all points, and a decree ought not to be made, but upon hearing the answer read in court.

(65) Where no counsel appears for the defendant at the hearing, and the process appears to have been served, the answer of such defendant is to be read in court.

(66) No new matter is to be contained in any replication, except it be to avoid matter set forth in the defendant's answer.

(67) All copies in chancery shall contain fifteen lines in every sheet thereof, written orderly and unwastefully, unto which shall be subscribed the name of the principal clerk of the office where it is written, or his deputy, for whom he will answer, for which subscription only no fee at all shall be taken.

(68) All commissions for examinations of witnesses shall be super interr. inclusis only, and no return of depositions into the court shall be received but such only as shall be either comprised in one roll, subscribed with the name of the commissioners, or else in divers rolls, whereof each one shall be so subscribed.

(69) If both parties join in commissions, and, upon warning given, the defendant bring his commissioners, but produceth no witnesses, nor ministereth interrogatories, but after seek a new commission, the same shall not be granted; but nevertheless, upon some extraordinary excuse of the defendant's default, he may have liberty granted by special order to examine his witnesses in court upon the former interrogatories, giving the plaintiff, or his attorney, notice that he may examine also if he will.

(70) The defendant is not to be examined upon interrogatories, except it be in very special cases, by express order of the court, to sift out some fraud, or practice pregnantly appearing to the court, or otherwise, upon offer of the plaintiff, to be concluded by the answer of the defendant, without any liberty to disprove such answer, or to impeach him after of perjury.

(71) Decrees in other courts may be read upon hearing, without the warrant of any special order, but no depositions taken in any other court are to be read but by special order; and, regularly, the court granteth no order for reading of deposition, except it be between the same parties, and upon the same title and cause of suit.

(72) No examination is to be had of the credit of any witness but by special order, which is sparingly to be granted.

(73) Witnesses shall not be examined in per-petuam rei memoriam, except it be upon the ground of a bill first put in, and answer thereunto made, and the defendant or his attorney made acquainted with the names of the witnesses that the plaintiff would have examined, and so publication to be of such witnesses, with this restraint nevertheless: that no benefit shall be taken of the depositions of such witnesses in case they may be brought viva voce upon the trial, but only to be used in case of death before the trial, or age, or impotency, or absence out of the realm at the trial.

(74) No witnesses shall be examined after publication, except it be by consent or by special order ad informandum conscientiam judicis and then to be brought close sealed up to the court, to peruse or publish, as the court shall think good.

(75) No affidavit shall be taken or admitted by any master of the chancery tending to the proof or disproof of the title or matter in question, or touching the merits of the cause; neither shall any such matter be colorably inserted in any affidavit for serving of process.

(76) No affidavit shall be taken against affidavit, as far as the masters of the chancery can have knowledge, and, if any such be taken, the latter affidavit shall not be used nor read in court.