"How's that?" - Stumped Out.
The placing of the field, which is done by the bowler or the captain of the team, requires the greatest judgment, so that the kind of ball delivered receives the support it should by the fielders when hit by the batsman. The field can be changed at any time during an "over."
The difference between bowling and pitching is that the ball must not be thrown.
The arm must be straight as it leaves the shoulder. The bowler twists and curves the ball from the ground. The pitcher makes his curves, and shoots in the air.
Returning to the history of cricket in America, we find that in 1855, with the formation of the Young America Club in Philadelphia, the game began to acquire an American individuality which has since marked the play of the followers of the game in the Quaker City. - the leading cricket city in America. It has been called the "home of American cricket." Through the influence of the cricketers of that city, teams from England, Ireland, and Australia have visited this country; and each contest has marked the progress of the game in America, until, in 1891, the Philadelphians gained a brilliant victory over a strong eleven of English cricketers, captained by Lord Hawke. A few years ago an eleven of university men from Ireland visited this country, and won one match with Philadelphia, and lost one, drawing a third. The Philadelphians, however, did not play in their best form, and probably underrated their opponents, who had suffered defeat in Boston when playing twelve men against fifteen.
At matches like those last mentioned, the attendance at the beautiful Manheim grounds of the Ger-mantown Cricket Club, where the international contests are played, rivals that of an important match in England or Australia. In England the largest attendance on record is at a match played last season between Surrey and Nottinghamshire, when, in the three days, seventy-eight thousand people passed through the gates. In Australia the record was made in a match between England and Aus-tralia, when sixty thousand people attended. At Manheim, during the three days' match with Lord Hawke's eleven, over twenty-five thousand people visited the grounds; and the scene was as picturesque and as animated as can be witnessed at Lords when a university match, or the crack public school match between Eton and Harrow, is being played.
An International Cricket Match.
The patron or player of base-ball, accustomed to the bare-looking field, with its tawdry grand stand, and rows of uncomfortable wooden seats called "bleachers," would be agreeably surprised could he see the beauty and luxury which surround the game of cricket as played at Manheim.
Skirting the ground, drawn up in the welcome shade of tall, graceful trees, are coaches crowded with ladies in light costumes, many wearing the colors of their favorite elevens. Inside these, and completely surrounding the ground, is a black line of spectators ten and twelve deep, with here and there groups of old cricketers chatting of the past contests, and liberally applauding any good play. In the middle, is the arena where the battle is being fought; the white flan-nels of the men as they move over the green turf, the constant activity, the call to players, and the shouts of the audience, making a most animated scene. To this, are added the beautiful pavilions, crowded from floor to roof. These include: first, the great main pavilion, used for the members of the club, the players, and their friends; second, the ladies' pavilion, which is like a Newport cottage, and here will be found as interesting and delightful a gathering as ever graced with its presence any afternoon tea at that fashionable summer resort by the sea.
Bowler Delivering a Ball.
Last, but by no means least in importance, is the boys' pavilion; and here is one of the chief factors in making cricket in Philadelphia so successful.
Great pains are taken to encourage boys to take up the game. They have this pavilion, and their ownership is marked by the sign of the "kid."
The custom of Philadelphians in training up the youth to love the game of cricket, and to know its fine points, has placed that city in the front rank of the cricket cities in America. Boston has a good club at Longwood, and several Americans play the game there; but cricket in New England is at present played principally by Englishmen. The same is true of New York, Chicago, and Detroit, and partly so of Baltimore and Pittsburg.
Blocking a Twist from Leg.
Not until the schools and colleges of America take up the game will it become universally understood, and reach the popularity it has attained in other English-speaking countries.
St. Paul's School, near Concord, N. H., has a beautiful cricket ground; and there can be found the same interest, rivalry, and skill, as in a large English school. Haverford College and the Uni-versity of Pennsylvania have been the educational grounds of many of Philadelphia's famous cricketers. Harvard has struggled manfully to support an eleven, and Yale in some years has attempted to do so, but the interest is very slight.
With its rank as an amateur sport, and its qualities of good nature, courtesy, and forbearance, which are necessary to make a true cricketer, and with its opportunity for exercise after more active games have been given up, cricket should, in America, receive the encouragement it can justly claim.
BY RALPH CRACKNELL.
Of the Boston A thietic Association and Longwood Cricket Club.