AA. (pron. Ah), the name of several European rivers - in Westphalia, Switzerland, and North France - all small.


Aachen (Ah'hen), the German name of Aix-la-Chapelle. Aalborg (Awl-borg; 'Eel-town'), a seaport of Jutland and seat of a bishopric, on the Limfiord. Pop. (1890) 19,503; (1901) 31,462.


Aalen (Ah'len), a town of Wiirtemberg, on the Kocher, 46 miles E. of Stuttgart. Pop. 8805.


Aalesund (Awl-e-soond), a Norwegian town, with an excellent harbour, built on three small islands of the province of Romsdal. Pop. 11,700.


Aalst. See Alost.


Aalten, a Netherlands town, on the Aa, 30 miles E. of Arnhem. Pop. 7000.


A'an, or Avon, a small Banffshire lake, lying 2250 feet above sea-level among the Cairngorms, which sends off the Avon, 29 miles, to the Spey.


Aar (Ahr), next to the Rhine and Rhone the largest river in Switzerland, rises in the Bernese Oberland, flows through Lakes Brienz and Thun, and passing Interlaken, Thun, Berne, Soleure, and Aarau, joins the Rhine above Waldshut after a course of nearly 200 miles.


Aarau (Ahr'os). See Aargau.


Aargau (Ahr'gos; Fr. Argovie), the least mountainous canton of Switzerland, on the lower course of the Aar, with the Rhine for its north boundary. Area, 548 sq. m.; pop. (1900) 206,500, mainly Protestant and German-speaking. The chief town is Aarau, on the Aar. Pop. 7500.


Aarhuus (Awr-hoos), a seaport on the east coast of Jutland, the second of Danish cities, with a fine Gothic cathedral of the 13th century. Pop. (1870) 15,025; (1890) 33,306 ; (1901) 51,850.


Ab'aco. See Bahamas.


Abakansk, a fortified Siberian town, near the Abakan's junction with the Yenisei. Pop. 3000.

Ab'ana and Pharpar are identified generally, the former with the Barada, flowing through Damascus; the latter with the Awaj, which rises on the SE. slopes of Hermon, passes 8 miles from Damascus, and falls into a lake to the south.


Abancay (Aban 'ki), chief town of the Peruvian province of Apurimac, 65 miles WSW. of Cuzco. Pop. 5000.


Abbazia (Abbatzee'a), a health-resort on the bay of Fiume, at the head of the Quarnero gulf of the Adriatic, 5 miles NW. of Fiume by rail. The 'Nice of the Adriatic' has since about 1880 become famous for its fine climate, beautiful situation, and luxuriant vegetation. Pop. 3000.


Abbeoku'ta, an African city, or rather collection of small towns or villages, capital of the territory of Egba, in the Yoruba country, 80 miles N. of Lagos. Pop. 150,000.


Abbeville (Abb-veel'), a prosperous manufacturing town in the French dep. of Somme, on the river Somme, 12 miles from its mouth, and 49 miles S. of Boulogne. The west front of the church of St Wolfram, commenced in the reign of Louis XII., is a splendid example of Flamboyant, with noble portals and rich tracery. The chief manufactures are woollen cloths, carpets, linens, sacking, and sugar. Near Abbeville were found, in 1841, many prehistoric flint implements. Pop. (1872) 18,108; (1901) 21,100.