Adam's Peak, the name given by Mohammedans, and after them by Europeans, to a mountain summit in the south of Ceylon, 7420 feet high (not, however, the highest of the group). The native name is Samanella. The cone forming the summit is a naked mass of granite, terminating in a narrow platform, in the middle of which is a hollow, five feet long, having a resemblance (increased by human agency) to a human footstep. Mohammedan tradition makes this the scene of Adam's penitence, after his expulsion from Paradise; he stood 1000 years on one foot, and hence the mark. To the Buddhists, the impression is the Sri-pada, or sacred footmark, left by Buddha on his departure from Ceylon; and the Hindus recognise Buddha as an avatar of Vishnu. Multitudes of devotees visit the mountain.
Adana (A'dana), a province in the SE. of Asia Minor, is named from its chief city Adana, containing 50,000 inhabitants. The city, on the Sihun, 30 miles from the sea, commands the pass of the Taurus Mountains.
Adare, a market-town on the Maig, in the county, and 11 miles SW. of the town, of Limerick. Pop. 516.
Addiewell, a mineral village of Midlothian, 1 1/2 mile WSW. of West Calder. Pop. 2000.
Adelsberg, a market-town in Carniola, 22 miles NE. of Trieste, with a pop. of 1800. Near it are numerous caves, the most famous being a large stalactite cavern, the Adelsberg Grotto. This cavern, the largest in Europe, between 2 and 3 miles long, is divided into the old and the new grotto, the latter discovered in 1816; a third very fine one came to light in 1889. The various chambers, called by names such as the Dome, the Dancing-hall, the Belvedere, contain stalactites and stalagmites of great size and grotesque forms. The river Poik runs through a part of the grotto, and then disappears below the ground.
Aderbijan. See Azerbijan.