Adige (Ad'ijay; Ger. Etsch; anc. Athesis), a river of Italy, rising in the Rhsetian Alps, and formed by various streamlets which descend from these mountains and unite at Glarus. Thence it flows east into Tyrol, then, after a slight south-eastward detour, due south past Trent and Rove-redo into Lombardy, and, passing Verona, takes a south-eastern sweep, and enters the Adriatic not far north of the Po. It is 250 miles long, 650 feet broad in the plain of Lombardy, and 10 to 16 feet deep.

Adirondack Mountains

Adirondack Mountains, the chief range in New York State, lie between Lakes Champlain and Ontario. Rising from an elevated plateau about 2000 feet above sea-level, they are remarkable for grand and picturesque scenery; the highest summit, Mount Marcy, is 5402 feet high. Small lakes are numerous; the head-streams of the Hudson are here; and there is much fine timber in the region. The whole northern wilderness of New York State is popularly known as the Adirondacks, and is a very favourite resort of sportsmen and pleasure-seekers.


Adjygurh. See Ajaigarh.


Adlington, a Lancashire township, 3 1/2 miles SE. of Chorley. Pop. 4590.

Admiralty Island lies off the coast of Southern Alaska, in 57° 30' N. lat., and 134° 15' W. long. It is about 90 miles long, well wooded and watered; and contains coal and copper. It is inhabited, and belongs to the United States.

Admiralty Islands

Admiralty Islands, a group of 40 islands, to the NE. of New Guinea, about 2° S. lat., and 147° E. long. They were discovered by the Dutch in 1616. The largest is above 50 miles long, and is mountainous but fruitful; their total area is 878 sq. m. Some are volcanic, others are coral islands. They abound in cocoa-nut trees, and are inhabited by a race of tawny frizzle-headed savages, of the Papuan stock, about 800 in number. Together with New Britain and some adjoining groups, they were annexed by Germany in 1885, and now form part of the Bismarck Archipelago.


Adoni, a town of Madras, 64 miles NE. of Bellary. Pop. 32,441.


Adour, a French river, rising in the dep. of Hautes Pyrenees, and flowing 180 miles through Gers and Landes, till it enters the Atlantic below Bayonne. It is navigable for 80 miles.


Adowa, a town of Abyssinia, the capital of Tigre, stands 6270 feet above sea-level, and 145 miles NE. of Gondar. Adowa is the chief entrepot of trade between the interior of Tigre and the coast. Hero on 1st March 1896 an Italian army was routed by the Abyssinians. Pop. 4000.


Adpar, a town of Cardigan and Carmarthen shires, on the Teifl, opposite Newcastle-Emlyn. Till 1885 it was one of the Cardigan boroughs.


Adra (anc. Abdera), a Mediterranean seaport of Spain, 49 miles SE. of Granada, near great lead-mines. Pop. 9039.


Adramyti (anc. Adramyttium; Turkish Edre-mid), a town on the west coast of Asia Minor, opposite Mitylene. Pop. 6000.