Alexandra Park

Alexandra Park, a place of public recreation for northern London, 6 miles N. of Charing Cross. It was opened in 1863, and its present 'palace' dates from 1873, its predecessor having been burnt two years before.

Alexandretta

Alexandretta. See Scanderoon.

Alexandria

Alexandria, a town of Dumbartonshire, on the west bank of the Leven, opposite Bonhill, 3 miles N. of Dumbarton. It has grown from a mere ' clachan' to a thriving town, such growth being due to the neighbouring cotton-printing, bleaching, and Turkey-red dye-works, established since 1768. Pop. (1841) 3039; (1891) 7796.

Alexandria

Alexandria, a port of entry on the right or Virginian bank of the Potomac, U.S., 7 miles below Washington (on the opposite side of the river), and 100 from the entrance of the Potomac into Chesapeake Bay, whence the largest vessels may reach the port. There are cotton manufactures here. Pop. (1870) 13,570; (1890) 14,339; (1900)14,528.

Alexandropol

Alexandropol (formerly Gumri), the largest town in the Erivan district of Russian Armenia, with a stronghold commanding the head-waters of the Euphrates. The silk trade is actively carried on. Pop. 30,477.

Alexandrov

Alexandrov, a town in the Russian government of Vladimir, 58 miles NE. of Moscow. Pop. 7200.

Alexandrovsk

Alexandrovsk, a Russian town in the government of Ekaterinoslav, on the Dnieper. Pop. 16,500. - (2) A port in East Siberia, opposite Saghalien. - (3) A town in the province of the Don, 15 miles NNE. of Novo-Tcherkask. Pop. 16,250.

Alexinatz

Alexinatz, a town of Servia, on the Moravitza, 134 miles SSE. of Belgrade by rail. Pop. 5108.

Alford

Alford, (1) a market-town of Lincolnshire, 23 miles NNE. of Boston; pop. of parish, 2843. - (2) A village of Aberdeenshire, 30 miles NW. of Aberdeen. Here Montrose defeated the Covenanters under Baillie, 2d July 1645. Pop. 635.

Alfoxton Park

Alfoxton Park, in Somerset, 12 miles WNW. of Bridgwater, was Wordsworth's home in 1797-98.

Alfreton

Alfreton, a market-town of Derbyshire, 14 miles NNE. of Derby by rail. It has manufactures of hats, stockings, and brown earthenware, with neighbouring collieries and ironworks. Pop. of parish, 17,355.

Algarve

Algarve, the smallest and most southerly of the provinces of Portugal. The name is Arabic, and means 'a land lying to the west.' It was a Moorish province till 1253. Area, 1873 sq. m.; pop. 254,037. The northern part of the province is occupied by a range of barren mountains of 4000 feet high, terminating in Cape St Vincent. The chief town is Faro.

Algeciras

Algeci'ras, or Aloeziras, a town of Spain, on the Bay of Gibraltar, 5 miles by water (9 by road) W. of Gibraltar. Its harbour is bad, but it possesses a good dock; and its oranges are famous, as well as its bull-fights. It was the first town in Spain taken by the Moors (711); in 1344 it was retaken by Alfonso XI. of Castile, after a twenty months' siege. He destroyed the old Moorish town; the modern one was built by Charles III. in 1760. Pop. 12,924.