Amiens (Fr. pron. Ami-i-ong; anc. Samarobriva), a French city, capital once of Picardy, and now of the dep. of Somme, on the many-channelled, navigable Somme, 81 miles N. of Paris by rail. Its fortifications have been turned into charming boulevards, but it still retains its old citadel. The cathedral of Notre Dame is a masterpiece of Gothic architecture. Begun in 1220, it is 452 feet long, and has a spire (1529) 426 feet high; but its special feature is the loftiness of the nave, 141 feet. In his little work called The Bible of Amiens, Ruskin says this church well deserves the name given it by Viollet-le-Duc, ' the Parthenon of Gothic architecture,' and affirms that its style is ' Gothic pure, authoritative, and unaccusable.' Other noteworthy buildings are the H6tel-de-Ville (1600-1760), in which the Peace of Amiens was signed in 1802; the large museum (1864), in Renaissance style; and the public library (1791), with 70,000 volumes. Amiens has considerable manufactures of velvet, silk, woollen, and cotton goods, ribbons, and carpets. Peter the Hermit and Ducange were natives, and there are statues to both of them. In the Franco-German war, on 27th November 1870, General Manteuffel inflicted, near Amiens, a signal defeat on a French army 30,000 strong, and three days later the citadel surrendered. Pop. (1872) 61,063; (i901) 90,758.