Ardglass

Ardglass, a coast-town of County Down, 6 miles SSE. of Downpatrick. Pop. 504.

Ardlamont Point

Ardlam'ont Point, Argyllshire, at the W. entrance to the Kyles of Bute. Ardlamont House, the old seat of the Lamonts, became famous through a 'not proven' murder trial (1893).

Ardmore

Ardmore', a watering-place in County Water-ford, 7 miles ENE. of Youghal.

Ardnamurchan Point

Ardnamurchan Point, a rugged headland of Argyllshire, the most westerly point of the mainland, with a castle-like lighthouse (1849).

Ardoch

Ardoch, Perthshire, 12 miles NNE. of Stirling, has a Roman camp, the most entire in Britain.

Ardoye

Ardoye, a town of Belgium, 17 miles S. of Bruges; pop. 6082.

Ardrisnaig

Ardrisn'aig, a seaport of Argyllshire, at the entrance of the Crinan Canal, 2 miles SSW. of Lochgilphead. Pop. 1258.

Ardrossan

Ardross'an, a seaport and watering-place in Ayrshire, 1 mile WNW. of Saltcoats, and 32 miles SW. of Glasgow by rail. It dates from 1806, and the harbour is one of the safest and most accessible on the west coast of Scotland. A new dock was formed in 1887-92. The chief exports are coal and pig-iron. On a hill above the town stands a fragment of Ardrossan Castle, said to have been surprised by Wallace. Pop. (1851) 2071; (1891) 5294; (1901) 5950.

Ardvreck Castle

Ardvreck Castle. See Assynt.

Arecibo

Areci'bo, a town on the north coast of the Spanish West Indian island of Porto Rico, 46 miles W. of San Juan. Pop. 10,000.

Arenberg

Arenberg (Aremberg), from 1644 till 1820 a small sovereign duchy of Germany, lying between Julich and Cologne; now part of the district of Coblenz, Rhenish Prussia.

Arendal

Ar'endal, a town of Norway, near the mouth of the Nidelf in the bay of Christiania. It is built partly on piles, partly on rock, and has been called 'Little Venice.' Its bay forms an excellent harbour. Pop. 11,15a.

Arequipa

Arequipa (Ar-e-kee'pa), a name given to a mountain in the west Cordillera of the Peruvian Andes, and then to a city at its foot, and to the southern dep. of Peru. The mountain, also called Mitsi, is volcanic, and has a height of 18,500 feet. Its neighbourhood is subject to earthquakes. The city, in a rich valley, 7700 feet above the sea, is the third largest in Peru, with 35,000 inhabitants. The dep. has an area of 27,744 sq. m., and a pop. of 260,282.

Arezzo

Arezzo (anc. Arretium), the chief city of an Italian province, near the confluence of the Chiana with the Arno, 38 miles ESE. of Florence. The Piazza Grande, built by Vasari, is remarkable; and the Gothic cathedral (begun 1277) has a splendid marble altar by Pisano. The city produces silk, and manufactures cloth, combs, and pottery. Natives were Petrarch, the poet Aretino, the painter Spinello Aretino; Guido of Arezzo, inventor of the musical scale; the botanist Cesalpino; Pope Julius III.; and Vasari. Pop. 15,816.

Argaum

Argaum', a village in Berar, India, between Ellichpur and Aurungabad. Near it, on 28th November 1803, two months after Assaye, Wel-lesley again defeated the Mahrattas.