Azo'res, or Western Islands, a Portuguese archipelago in the mid-Atlantic, in 36° 55' - 39° 55' N. lat. and 25° 10' - 31° 16' W. long. Stretching over a distance of 400 miles, their nine islands are divided into three distinct groups - Sta Maria and Sao Miguel in the SE.; Terceira, Sao Jorge, Pico, Graciosa, and Fayal in the middle; and Flores and Corvo in the NW. Of these, Flores lies 1176 miles W. of Cape Rocca in Portugal, 1484 SW. of Falmouth, and 1703 ESE. of Halifax. In 1431-53 the Azores were taken possession of by the Portuguese. They were then uninhabited; but Punic coins have been found on Corvo. The Portuguese called them Azores, from acor or azor, a hawk or kite, found in numbers on the islands. Their total area is 919 sq. m., and the pop. 257,000. The area, population, and the maximum altitude of the different islands are as follows: Sta Maria (38 sq. m.; 5880; 1889 feet); Sao Miguel (299 sq. m.; 107,000; 3854 feet); Terceira (164 sq. m.; 45,391; 3435 feet); Graciosa (24 sq. m.; 8718); Sao Jorge (91 sq. m.; 18,000); Pico (173 sq. m.; 27,904; 7613 feet); Fayal (69 sq. m.; 26,264); Flores (54 sq. m.; 10,700; 3087 feet); Corvo (7 sq. m.; 1000). The capital is Angra, in Terceira; but Ponta Delgada, in Sao Miguel, is a larger town, being counted ' the third city of Portugal' (pop. 18,000). The Azores are of volcanic origin, and with the exception of Corvo, Flores, and Graciosa, are still liable to eruptions and violent earthquakes, the worst of twenty-one shocks since 1444 having been those of 1591, 1638, 1719, and 1841. Hot mineral springs are numerous. The coast is generally steep and rugged; the interior abounds in ravines and mountains. Oranges are the chief article of export. The climate is extremely moist, but equable; and though the islands are exposed to severe storms of wind and rain, some of them are visited as winter health-resorts, especially by Americans. The Azores are regarded as a province, not a colony, of Portugal, and as belonging to Europe. See works by Godman (1870), W. F. Walker (1886), and Rounded (1889).