Ballymote, a town in the county, and 14 miles S. of the town of Sligo. Pop. 997.
Ballynahinch, a market-town of County Down, 12 1/2 miles S. of Antrim. Pop. 1542.
Ballyragget, a town in the county, and 10 miles NW. of the town of Kilkenny. Pop, 518.
Ballyshannon, a seaport of County Donegal, at the mouth of the river Erne, on a small inlet running off from Donegal Bay, 157 miles NW. of Dublin by rail. It is celebrated for its salmon-fishing. Pop. 2359.
Ballywalter, a fishing-village of County Down, 10 miles SE. of Newtonards.
Balmo'ral, a royal residence in Braemar, Aberdeenshire, 9 miles W. of Ballater, and 52 1/2 of Aberdeen. Standing 926 feet above sea-level on a natural platform that slopes gently clown from the base of Craig-gowan (1437 feet) to the Dee, it commands a magnificent prospect on every side. The estate was acquired by Prince Albert in 1848-52; and the castle rebuilt (1853-55) at a cost of £100,000 in the Scottish Baronial style of architecture.
Baltic Provinces, the five Russian governments bordering on the Baltic - viz. Courland, Livonia, Esthonia, Petersburg, and Finland; or in a restricted sense often the first three. The Baltic provinces once belonged to Sweden, except Courland, which was a dependency of Poland. They came into the possession of Russia partly in the beginning of the 18th century, through the conquests of Peter the Great, partly under Alexander in 1809. No pains have been spared to Russianise them, and since 1876-77 they have lost their remaining privileges, and been thoroughly incorporated in the Russian empire. The inhabitants are mainly Esths and Letts, with many Germans.
Baluchistan. See Beluchistan.