Baltimore, a port of entry and the largest city of Maryland, and the seventh city of the United States in population, stands on the northern bank of the river Patapsco, an arm of Chesapeake Bay, 250 miles by ship-channel from the ocean, 96 miles SW. of Philadelphia, and 40 NE. of Washington, D.C., in 39° 17' N. lat., 76° 37' W. long. Its site is uneven, and its surroundings are picturesque and pleasant. The plan of the streets is not so strictly uniform as in many American cities. The harbour is spacious and perfectly secure, having a minimum depth of 24 feet, and access from the sea is safe and easy. Baltimore is an important centre of the traffic in bread-stuffs, and is also the seat of extensive and varied industries - cotton and woollen goods, flour, tobacco and cigars, beer, glassware, boots and shoes, iron and steel (including machinery, car-wheels, iron bridges, stoves, furnaces, &c), clothing, pianos, organs, and the canning of oysters, employing over 2000 hands.
Baltimore is noted for the fine architecture of its public and other buildings, among the finest being the chamber of commerce, the Roman Catholic archiepiscopal cathedral, the customhouse, the Maryland Institute, the academy of music, the city-hall, the Johns Hopkins Hospital, the post-office, and the Peabody Institute. The public monuments (the Washington column is 210 feet high) have given it the name of the 'monumental city.' There are several public squares and parks, the beautiful Druid Hill Park of nearly 700 acres, being the most celebrated. The Johns Hopkins University, endowed with over $3,500,000 by a Quaker philanthropist of that name (1795-1873), was opened in 1876, and ranks as one of the first seats of learning in the country. Founded in 1729, the city was named in honour of Lord Baltimore, the founder of the Maryland colony, and in 1796 was incorporated as a city. Pop. (1790) 13,503; (1830) 80,625; (1860) 212,218; (1880) 332,313; (1890) 434,439; (1900) 508,957.